What are the key financial ratios for utility companies? (2024)

What are the key financial ratios for utility companies?

The current ratio measures a company's capacity to meet its current obligations, typically due in one year. This metric evaluates a company's overall financial health by dividing its current assets by current liabilities. A current ratio of 1.5 to 3 is often considered good.

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What is a good current ratio for a utility company?

The current ratio measures a company's capacity to meet its current obligations, typically due in one year. This metric evaluates a company's overall financial health by dividing its current assets by current liabilities. A current ratio of 1.5 to 3 is often considered good.

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What are the key ratios for energy companies?

The four key ratios for analysts and investors to use when analyzing the energy sector include—debt-to-EBITDA, interest coverage ratio, debt-to-capital, and debt-to-equity. Debt can increase shareholder returns, as the cost of debt is lower than the cost of equity.

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What is the equity ratio for utilities?

Typical capital structures for regulated utilities in the U.S. are in the range of 40% debt to 60% equity and 60% debt to 40% equity.

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How do you evaluate a utility company?

The most common way of valuing US utilities stocks uses price-to-earnings (P/E) ratios: a company's market value compared to next year's projected profit.

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What is the average profit margin for utilities companies?

The average net profit margin in the sector was nearly 10% in the first quarter of 2022 and for the trailing 12 months (TTM) was almost 11%. The average gross margin was 66.04% in the first quarter of 2022, and the average earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization (EBITDA) margin was 34.29%.

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Are utility companies highly leveraged?

Utility debt is unique in that utilities have the ability to carry highly levered capital structures while still maintaining a high credit rating.

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What is a good debt-to-equity ratio for energy companies?

Capital-intensive industries, such as utilities, have relatively higher D/E ratios. Therefore, D/E ratios should be considered in comparison to similar companies within the same industry. Generally, ratios of 0.5 and below are considered excellent, while ratios above 2.0 are viewed more unfavorably.

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What are the three most essential ratios to check a company's financial strength?

Financial ratios are grouped into the following categories: Liquidity ratios. Leverage ratios. Efficiency ratios.

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What ratios help determine the efficiency?

Efficiency Ratios
RatioFormula
Inventory Turnover RatioCOGS/average inventory
Days sales in inventory (non-ratio metric related to inventory turnover ratio)Days sales in inventory = (average inventory/COGS) X 365
Asset Turnover RatioAsset turnover ratio = net sales/average total assets
10 more rows
Oct 20, 2022

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What is the asset turnover ratio for utilities sector?

In the retail sector, an asset turnover ratio of 2.5 or more could be considered good, while a company in the utilities sector is more likely to aim for an asset turnover ratio that's between 0.25 and 0.5.

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What percent should utilities be factored into a budget?

Allocate a reasonable percentage, such as 5–10%, of your monthly income toward utilities. Consider the size of your home. Larger homes typically require higher utility budgets due to increased heating, cooling, and energy needs.

What are the key financial ratios for utility companies? (2024)
Why do utilities have a lot of debt?

Utilities require a significant amount of expensive infrastructure and consequently carry large amounts of debt on their balance sheets. These debt loads make utilities hypersensitive to changes in the market interest rate.

How are utility companies valued?

The income approach assumes that the value of property is established by determining the present value of the income stream which it can generate. Traditionally, an income approach to utility valuation was based on the rate of return on rate base and then discounted by the market cost of capital.

What are the key performance indicators for utilities?

Key performance indicators for utilities' transmission and distribution functions include: Grid reliability - Length and frequency of power outages as a percentage of total operating time. Lower is more reliable. Power quality - Frequency and duration of voltage sags, spikes, and harmonic distortion incidents.

How do utility companies profit?

Here's the basic idea behind this century-year-old utility business model: utilities make profit by investing in the infrastructure, like pipes and wires, that provide energy services to customers.

Is a 50% profit margin too much?

Generally, a gross profit margin of between 50–70% is good and anything above that is very good. A gross profit margin below 50% is usually not desirable – though lower margins can still be sustainable for businesses with fewer production and operating costs.

What is utility margins?

Marginal utility is the added satisfaction a consumer gets from having one more unit of a good or service. The concept of marginal utility is used by economists to determine how much of an item consumers are willing to purchase. The law of diminishing marginal utility is often used to justify progressive taxes.

Is a 37% profit margin good?

Overall, though, a 5% margin is low, a 10% margin is average, and a 20% margin is good or high. So try to target a net profit margin between 15% and 20% in your business. How can you increase profit margin?

What causes utility stocks to fall?

Interest Rates and Debt Levels

Of course, an interest-rate hike affects all businesses this way, but it's an especially important factor for utility companies because of their typically high debt levels. Major utility firms have major capital expenditures and high debt-to-market cap levels.

What are the 4 leverage ratios?

Common leverage ratios include the debt-equity ratio, equity multiplier, degree of financial leverage, and consumer leverage ratio. Banks have regulatory oversight on the level of leverage they can hold.

Do utility stocks do well in inflation?

Utilities offer competitive returns and lower risk

The result is a durable earnings and dividend stream that has the lowest beta, a measure of volatility, of any other sector in the market. Additionally, during periods of elevated inflation and rising interest rates, utility stocks have generally outperformed bonds.

What is an unhealthy debt-to-equity ratio?

Generally, a good debt-to-equity ratio is anything lower than 1.0. A ratio of 2.0 or higher is usually considered risky. If a debt-to-equity ratio is negative, it means that the company has more liabilities than assets—this company would be considered extremely risky.

What is the recommended debt ratio?

By calculating the ratio between your income and your debts, you get your “debt ratio.” This is something the banks are very interested in. A debt ratio below 30% is excellent. Above 40% is critical. Lenders could deny you a loan.

Is 50 a good debt-to-equity ratio?

This ratio is a measure of financial risk or financial leverage. In the previous example, the company with the 50% debt to equity ratio is less risky than the firm with the 1.25 debt to equity ratio since debt is a riskier form of financing than equity4.

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